Glossary of Terms

ANSI (American National Standards Institute) An institution that empowers its members and constituents to strengthen the U.S. marketplace position in the global economy while helping to assure the safety and health of consumers and the protection of the environment. ANSI oversees the creation, promulgation and use of thousands of norms and guidelines that directly impact businesses in nearly every sector: from acoustical devices to construction equipment, from dairy and livestock production to energy distribution, and many more. ANSI is also actively engaged in accreditation – assessing the competence of organizations determining conformance to standards.

CE (Conformité Européenne) (European Conformity) Certification or marking on many products traded on the extended Single Market in the European Economic Area (EEA). They signify that products sold in the EEA have been assessed to meet high safety, health, and environmental protection requirements. CE marking also supports fair competition by holding all companies accountable to the same rules.

EIA (Electronic Industries Alliance) Standards and trade organization composed as an alliance of trade associations for electronics manufacturers in the United States. EIA developed standards to ensure the equipment of different manufacturers was compatible and interchangeable.

EN (European Standard) Documents that have been ratified by one of the three European Standardization Organizations (ESOs), CEN, CENELEC or ETSI; recognized as competent in the area of voluntary technical standardization as for the EU Regulation 1025/2012.

ENEC (European Norms Electrical Certification) The high quality European Mark for electrical products that demonstrates compliance with European standards (EN). The ENEC mark is a complementary to the mandatory CE marking on the electrical products placed on the European market.

IEC (International Electrotechnical Commission) The world’s leading organization for the preparation and publication of International Standards for all electrical, electronic and related technologies. IEC provides a platform to companies, industries and governments for meeting, discussing and developing the International Standards they require. All IEC International Standards are fully consensus-based and represent the needs of key stakeholders of every nation participating in IEC work. Every member country, no matter how large or small, has one vote and a say in what goes into an IEC International Standard.

ISO (International Organization for Standardization) An independent, non-governmental membership organization and the world‘s largest developer of voluntary International Standards. ISO has published more than 19,500 International Standards covering almost every industry, from technology, to food safety, to agriculture and healthcare. ISO International Standards impact everyone, everywhere.

NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement) A comprehensive agreement that sets the rules for international trade and investment between Canada, the United States, and Mexico.

REACH (Registration, Evaluation, Authorization, and Restriction of Chemicals) A European Union standard that aims to improve the protection of human health and the environment through the better and earlier identification of the intrinsic properties of chemical substances. This is done by the four processes of REACH, namely the registration, evaluation, authorization and restriction of chemicals. REACH also aims to enhance innovation and competitiveness of the EU chemicals industry.

RoHS (Restriction of Hazardous Substances) A European legislation that provides for the creation of collection schemes where consumers return their used e-waste free of charge. The objective of these schemes is to increase the recycling and/or re-use of such products. It also requires heavy metals such as lead, mercury, cadmium, and hexavalent chromium and flame retardants such as polybrominated biphenyls (PBB) or polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDE) to be substituted by safer alternatives.

TUV (Technischer Überwachungs-Verein) (Technical Inspection Association) Organizations that work to validate the safety of products of all kinds to protect humans and the environment against hazards.

UL (Underwriters Laboratory) A global independent safety science company with more than a century of expertise innovating safety solutions from the public adoption of electricity to new breakthroughs in sustainability, renewable energy and nanotechnology. Dedicated to promoting safe living and working environments, UL helps safeguard people, products and places in important ways, facilitating trade and providing peace of mind.

VDE (Verband der Elektrotechnik, Elektronik und Informationstechnik) (Association for Electrical, Electronic and Information Technologies) An association that works to foster a better climate for innovation, ensure the highest safety standards, promote optimal engineering curricula, and encourage a broader public acceptance of new technologies.